Mutual funds in India2019-09-14T09:15:55+00:00

Mutual Funds


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A mutual fund raises money from investors and on their behalf, they invest that money. A little amount of fee is charged for maintaining and handling the money. People who don’t know enough about investing -A mutual fund is a perfect investment vehicle for them ( general investors). A beneficial and profit earning part or investors in a mutual fund is they can select a mutual fund scheme according to their demands and requirement. The base foundation for mutual fund scheme would be decided according to investor financial goal and begin investing to accomplish the set plans.

The following are the basic term a mutual fund investor or applicant must know :

  • Bid: In mutual funds, it is a price at which the shares are bought back by the fund. A bid is simply called as Sell Price.
  • Shares or Fund Units: In mutual fund investments is made by purchasing the shares or the units of a particular fund. The more units purchased the greater investment it would be.
  • NAV (Net Asset Value )- The NAV is also known as unit price or price per share of the fund. In mutual funds, the units are bought, sold and redeemed at the current unit price o NAV at the time of sale or purchase. The net asset value of a fund keeps changing depending on the fund’s performance.
  • Offer document – This an official document describes the basic points of the fund. It’s the guidance for the investors that comprises all the related information about the mutual funds and to assist an investor to do his or her investment choice. The documents contain the objective of the fund, the asset classes that the fund will invest in and terms and conditions of the fund. The general points are also written in the document such as the risk factors, history of the fund performance and many more.
  • Expense Ratio: Its means the expenses acquired by the fund in association with the total assets.
    Expense ratio = operating expense/Average value of fund assets.
  • Redemption: The redemption in mutual funds is done at the time of fund units cancelled, sold or transferred.
  • Lock-in Period – This a period in which the specified fund’s units cannot be sold. The investors can’t liquidate their investment in this lock period. If approved, it is subjected to a loss or penalty of advantages.
  • AUM: It refers to the Assets Under Management the entire market value of funds being maintained or controlled by a mutual fund company.
  • NFO: AMC launched NFO (New Fund Offer) in the market as new funds or schemes. The NFO benefits investors as they can purchase the units of the new funds at the price offered that is usually reasonable. The purchase in these mutual funds is done at the current NAVs.
  • When the sale, purchase and transfer of fund units are made by the investors a cost is charged by AMC that is the Entry load / Exit load. These are amounts paid an extension to the amounts deducted from NAV on transfer/ redemption or NAV on purchases.



The purpose of investing in a mutual fund by the people are mentioned below :

  • Mutual funds are centred investments highlight schemes simply defining which assets are targeted for investments, enabling investors to direct savings to various asset classes in a focused way.
  • Fund managers of the asset management companies operate the mutual funds which are essential for professional management. It is seen that many people find difficulty in deciding which assets to invest due to lack of financial knowledge. With expertise, investment skills managers reduce risks and increase returns to investors.
  • SIP (Systematic Investment Plans ) benefits let people invest little amounts on a monthly basis to get profits of rupee cost averaging. It’s an option to those who cannot spend lump sum amounts thereby inviting investors over income levels.
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) assures regulates investments and dealings are as per directions. This contributes a factor of security to investments made.
  • Risk is varied as funds invest in a number of securities. The possibilities of each stocks performing badly at the same time are low. Losses experienced on a few stocks are balanced by profits made on others, this reduces risk.
  • An investment can be made by people who do not hold sizeable amounts in direct equity or other devices that need a huge initial investment, mutual funds offer for an affordable investment avenue. A number of investors reducing individual charges when even transaction charges are spread out over maximum investors.
    Mutual funds provide versatility which is remarkably necessary by allowing investors to switch between funds or between schemes to receive genuine terms or valid returns.
  • Mutual funds investor has clear statements of every investment which makes it simple for investors to hold a check on. Equitable and large quality give investors an avenue to reach both debt funds and equity at one go in a balance of option. It can be difficult for investors to always evaluate their investment portfolios.
  • Investors have a wide variety of investment options such as debt funds, hybrid funds, regional funds, sector funds and many more.



Lets us look at the people who can invest in mutual funds in India are :

  • HUFs
  • NRIs
  • Banking and Non-Banking Financial Institutions
  • QFIs
  • Partnership Firms
  • PIOs
  • resident Individuals
  • Cooperative Societies

This is not a full-fledged list but describes the more generally recognised types of investors in mutual funds in India.



Online activities are growing more successfully for several purposes, as stated below.

  • Convenience: Applying for mutual funds is comfortable if it is online as one can apply for Schemes from office or home.
  • Compare and select: There are a number of online financial services providers except for the company’s website which serves as single-point portals for observing and linking schemes and funds from various companies.
  • Independence: All essential information, including brochures and additional material, is given online for easy inspection. This lets investors neglect misselling by agents and make knowledgeable confident judgments.
  • Affordable: The mutual funds are easily affordable as investments are reasonable since commissions are not applied on to purchase values.



We have collected a record of the greatest performing mutual funds in India according to various classifications of mutual funds. This will assist you to get a bright recognition of the performance of a specific type of fund. You can accordingly choose a fund to spend your money in.

  • Ultra-Short-Term Debt Fund

  • Invest in these funds are holding short-term maturities. Also, give greater returns than other money market tools.

  • Short-Term Income Funds

  • Invest in securities over a smaller period of time to give the shareholder a flow of income through dividend payments and interest.

  • Long-Term Gilt Funds

  • The funds that invest in long-term government protection.

  • Monthly Income Plan (MIP) – Aggressive Mutual Funds

  • They are funds that give greater returns to the investors matched to other MIPs. But, these funds are competitive in nature, they bear greater risk. It comes under the class of investments that gives a selective payment on a monthly basis to the investor.

  • Balanced Mutual Funds

  • These funds allow you to build a stable portfolio consisting of Money market components bonds and stocks.

  • Index Funds

  • Index funds are mutual funds where the portfolio is created with the purpose of coordinating or following market index elements.

  • Liquid Funds

  • The mutual funds defined by a low maturity period and spend essentially in securities such as commercial papers, term deposits and treasury bills.

  • Credit Opportunities Funds

  • These funds give greater returns by understanding the risk as a consequence of investing in lower-rated devices. These funds view for mismatches among the fundamentals of a bond and credit rating. They are open-ended debt mutual funds.

  • Long-Term Income Funds

  • Invest in securities over a large period to give the shareholder with a flow of income through dividend payments or interest.

  • Consistent Performers – Debt Funds

  • Constantly these debts funds are performing great.

  • Consistent Performers – Balanced Funds

  • These are equitable plus balanced funds that have been performing well constantly.

  • Consistent Performers – Equity Funds

  • Consistently these are equity funds that have been performing great.

  • Small and Mid-Cap Equity Funds

  • Funds which one can spend in a blend of Mid-cap and small-cap stocks. These funds share their investments in both mid-cap companies and small-cap companies. The portion of the money spent or invested in the mid-cap and small-cap will vary.

  • Large-cap-oriented equity funds

  • Mutual funds that spend a larger part of their collection of funds in organisations that have a high market capitalisation, usually with a cost higher than $10 billion.

  • ELSS- Equity Linked Savings Scheme

  • These funds are those which helps you in saving income tax under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act and saves up to Rs.1.5 lakh. These funds have 3 years lock-in period.

  • Thematic – Infrastructure Funds

  • As the name implies, Invent in a specific sector as per the standard theme. Thematic funds are the funds that are invested in companies that trade with activities or schemes linked with a foundation such as construction, steel, cement and so on.

  • Diversified Equity Funds

  • Funds that invest people money in any organisation without seeing into its area or volume. It changes or shares investments over the whole stock market for providing the high-grade returns to the investors.



  • QFI (Qualified Foreign Investors)
  • Compliance with SEBI(Securities and Exchange Board of India)Regulations.
  • Partnership Firms
  • FII(Foreign Institutional Investors) enrolled with SEBI on repatriation basis.
  • Industrial and Scientific Research Organization’s.
  • NRIs and persons of Indian origin (PIO) living abroad, on a complete repatriation basis.
  • SPVs authorised by the relevant officials that is RBI approval.
  • AMC, Sponsor, Trustee or their associates.
  • All the Navy, air force, para-military, army and additional eligible institutions
  • AMC’s specified Unincorporated body of persons.
  • HUFs or Karta
  • International Multilateral Agencies recognised by the Government of India.
  • AMC decided individual, body cooperates and institutions
  • Companies including Bodies Corporate, Public Sector Undertakings and Cooperative Societies
  • Lawful guardians or Parents on part of Minors.
  • Banks including Financial Institutions and Regional Rural Banks
  • Jointly or singly not exceeding 3 or Adult Indian Resident Individuals
  • Private Trusts, Religious and Charitable Trusts entitled to invest in Mutual Fund schemes following their Trust Deeds.



There are a lot of factors that need to be addressed in order to properly and accurately evaluate a debt mutual fund before investing in them. We list down some of the factors you should look at to select the fund which meets your financial goals.

For resident Indians

Every customer who plans to invest in mutual fund necessitates being KYC submissive. Individual investors will have to present their identity proof and address proof.

List of documents acceptable as identity proof :

The funds you are about to invest in should be from a reputed funds house and have a strong history of consistent performance in the investment domain. A consistent track record of over 5-10 years of returns matching your financial goals should be one of the qualities that your selected fund qualifies for.

Investment Horizon

  • Identity card or document with applicant’s photo, issued by any of Central, State Government and its Departments, regulatory authorities, public financial institutions and Professional Bodies such as ICwAI, ICAI and Bar Council etc.
  • PAN Card is a necessary element for all candidates/investors except those who are clearly free from getting a PAN.PAN card with photograph needs to be presented.
  • UIN, Aadhaar, Voter-ID Card, Driving license and Passport is used as identity proof.

Expense Ratio

Essentially, the expense ratio is an indicator of how much of the invested amount is being utilized to manage the expenses of the fund. Lower expense ration is indicative of higher take-home returns hence, chooosing a fund with a low expense ratio will help enable you with investment in a fund with a superior performance.

List of documents acceptable as address proof :

  • Ration Card
  • Insurance Copy
  • Passport
  • Flat Maintenance bill
  • Driving Licence
  • Voters Identity Card
  • Registered Lease/Sale Agreement of Residence
  • Identity card or document with an address that is issued by any legal body.

For Non-Resident Indians

Non-resident Indians living out of India require to present the following approving documents in addition to PAN as proof of address and identity.

  • An attested copy of true passport.
  • Certified true copies of proof of abroad address and permanent address.

If any of the certificates include attestations in the identity proof and address proof is outlined in a foreign language, they have to be translated into the English language before submission.



  • Review for the AMC management and the profile of the mutual fund managers. This can be seen in the scheme of the particular Mutual Funds.
  • Routine to analyses of the performance of the funds for diverse time frames that can be 3 months,6 months or 1 year. For debt funds, a person can go up to 6 years for equity funds.
  • You need to view at the past history before operating for the mutual fund which indicates be knowledgeable about how it has made market improvements as well as collisions.
  • Shortlisted funds by person/investor will be compatible performers and are most suitable to be operated by good fund managers.
  • Constantly watch for the greatest mutual funds in the asset class. Make sure that they will assist you to reach your financial goals in the future that you want and see that they are according to your risk profile.



Observe your fund’s performance once a year. In case the performance is poor in comparison to the previous years withdraw it. So owing to key factors such as a shift in the proportion of the portfolio, a shift in fund manager etc.Don’t neglect expenses in a case where mutual funds impose a fee at some extent form investors.
Decide that you need to purchase bond fund or money-market fund.Don’t invest in a fund without evaluating its performance and offer document. Don’t invest just because your known person has purchased it newly.
Funds which one can invest in a blend of mid-cap and small-cap stocks. These funds allocate their investments in both mid-cap companies and small-cap companies. The portion of the money invested in the mid-cap and small-cap will change.Don’t review your fund’s NAV every day. Net Asset Value may shift in the short term but all that values is the percentage profit or loss.
Weigh a fund’s expenses can differ from a trading cost and fund administration.Don’t’ invest all your money into the funds in one go which was designated for a goal.
The thing that is needed to be done is to change into various asset classes, Mid and small-cap Equity Funds.Don’t blindly follow a fund for its recent performance or view another for its dull performance in the past.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are custodian is independent organization?
If the mutual fund makes changes to the scheme. How will one get to know about it?
Why should one invest in mutual funds only?
How will NAV of a debt fund fall?
Is there any value of folio number in mutual funds?
What is the difference between Mutual Funds and Portfolio Management Schemes?
What do you mean by cheque-writing facility?
What are the main things one should check when he/she downloads or receive a scheme information document?
How important is the expense ratio?
Do mutual funds provide a guaranteed return?